Autoclave Reactor, Starting a career in the world of the industry means facing new challenges and answering numerous questions. It is a vast universe, and to succeed in this market; you need experience and a lot of technical information. For example, there are various types of reactors, each with different technical details. But do not worry; if you find a reliable manufacturer, you can get all the information you need easily and quickly.

So read on, as we will show you how to use an autoclave reactor. But first, we will assume that you are a newbie in this world. So we will explain what it is and then give you instructions on how to use it.

Hydrothermal Autoclave Reactor

You can use hydrothermal autoclave reactors to perform hydrothermal reactions at high temperatures and pressure. Generally, there are two types of hydrothermal synthesis reactors. The first is called polytetrafluoroethylene (also known as PTFE or Teflon lined hydrothermal autoclave reactors), and the second is a PPL lined autoclave.

Hydrothermal reactors mainly consist of an outer shell of a high-quality stainless steel jacket and an inner Teflon liner or Teflon chamber. The Teflon-lined autoclave can perform the reaction at a maximum of 240 degrees Celsius (428 Fahrenheit), although it is safer to complete the reaction at 200 degrees Celsius (392 Fahrenheit).

You can use PPL-lined reactors with a higher temperature. The safe temperature in this reactor is 240 degrees Celsius or 428 Fahrenheit, while the maximum temperature is 280 degrees Celsius (464 Fahrenheit), which is obviously higher. Scientific laboratories, research and development laboratories, institutional organizations, and quality control departments in the industry may use this reactor.

How to Use:

  • Carefully place the autoclave and sterilizing material on the table or shelf.
  • Open the screw 304 counterclockwise by twisting it.
  • This reactor has two types of SS gaskets or lids. One on the bottom and one on the top of the Teflon vessel chamber.
  • Lift the top lid and remove the white PTFE/Teflon reaction chamber. 
  • Now you need to pour the solvent into the reaction chamber (depending on the liner’s capacity) and seal it. 
  • Make sure that the Teflon lid is airtight so that the pressure does not escape.
  • Place the Teflon or PTFE liner in a stainless steel chamber.
  • Leave the top gasket on the vessel and make sure the Teflon-lined vessel is correctly positioned in the stainless steel chamber.
  • Now tighten the primary SS cap clockwise until it cannot be turned.
  • You should use the second cap and the primary one for additional tightening to avoid pressure loss. 
  • Turn the primary SS cap clockwise with the locking rod to tighten it.
  • Put the hydrothermal autoclave in an oven and set the temperature to a safe temperature (see above).
  • Increase the oven temperature at a heating rate of 5 degrees Celsius per minute (not more).
  • If you want to stay in the safe zone, you can heat the autoclave to 200 degrees Celsius. 
  • After the hydrothermal synthesis reaction is complete, decrease the autoclave temperature at a rate of 5 degrees Celsius per minute.

Now that you know how to use an autoclave, we can discuss some essential safety measures.

Safety Measures:

  • Always use the autoclave with water. Don’t pour hard water into the unit.
  • Try to clean the Teflon reaction vessel properly before use to avoid contamination.
  • Never force open the autoclave lid without loosening the primary SS cap with the tightening rod. Also, close the caps again correctly. 
  • Clean and dry the reactor unit after use.
  • Do not use the autoclave for anything other than its intended purpose.
  • Test the pressure gauge to make sure it is working properly.
  • Make sure that both stainless steel gaskets are in good shape and condition.
  • Clean the surface of the base unit where the gasket rests.
  • Do not lubricate the gasket.

Bottom Line:

After reading this post, you now know what a hydrothermal autoclave reactor is and how to use it. You have also learned how to use this reactor safely to avoid accidents.
At Amar Equipments, we are ready to answer your questions 24/7 and meet all your requirements. To get started, please get in touch with us now.